Writing an essay conclusion



Image sourced from http://www.laspositascollege.edu/RAW/images/hamburger_001.JPG

Many of us may have seen the ‘hamburger’ image of an essay – the top bun is the introduction, the filling is the body of the essay, and the bottom bun is the conclusion. I’ve found this to be an effective way of introducing the structure of an essay to year 7 and 8 students.

When writing the conclusion to an essay it is important to remember to sum up all of the points that have been explored in the body paragraph.

For example, in my italicised sample below of a conclusion to an essay on Pride and Prejudice, the conclusion lists the themes, the point of view, and characterisation that have been referenced in the body of the essay –


In conclusion, the themes of prejudice, pride and power are shown through the techniques of characterisation, narrative point of view, and setting which persuades the reader of the themes of pride and prejudice. The use of the omniscient narrator sways the reader to follow the emotional Elizabeth Bennet’s point of view which highlights Mr Darcy’s pride and Elizabeth’s prejudice. Although the passage discussed is set in a larger context, many of the issues that the novel deals with emerge in this small section of text.


Summarising the main points in the body of the essay gives a succinct understanding of the argument – or persuasion – that has been carried throughout the essay, providing the reader with an understanding of what was said throughout the essay and reinforcing the overarching argument.